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First Report of Colombian datura virus in India
Department of Science, Faculty of Arts, Science and Commerce, Mody University of Science & Technology, Lakshmangarh, Sikar-332311, Rajasthan India
Received: 08 Sep 2014; Published: 21 Dec 2014
Datura (Datura inoxia) is rich in tropane alkaloids that are present in their seeds and flowers which are used for medicinal/therapeutic purpose. Colombian datura virus (CDV; genus Potyvirus, Potyviridae) has a worldwide distribution and broad host range which was first identified in Brugmansia plants (Solanaceae) from Colombia (Kahn & Bartels, 1968; Schubert et al., 2006; Steele & Thomas, 2009). A survey was conducted from January to May 2014 in Rajasthan India, to investigate the epidemiology of potyvirus. Datura showed characteristic symptoms of leaf reduction (Fig. 1) and flower distortion.
Twenty-five symptom-bearing and symptomless leaf samples from different regions were collected for confirmation of potyvirus infection. ELISA was performed using AgDia Inc, Potyvirus group (PVG) ELISA kit (Elkhart, United States) which confirmed the presence of potyviruses. Furthermore, total RNA was extracted from twenty positive samples using an RNA isolation kit (Ambion, USA) followed by RT-PCR using a coat protein (CP) specific primer CN48 (Pappu et al., 1993) and an oligodT primer (T21V). For the complete amplification of the CP region, we designed CDF (GCTGATACAGTTGATGCCG) and CDR (TAACCTCTAACCTTGACGCACAC) primers using Primer3Plus (http://www.bioinformatics.nl/cgi-bin/primer3plus/primer3plus.cgi/) software by using the sequence of GenBank Accession No. JQ801448 as a reference sequence. Amplicons of expected size (~800 nt) were obtained from only seventeen samples. The amplified products were sequenced twice in both directions, out of which a single sequence was submitted to GenBank (KM386637). Sequence alignment analysis of CDV coat protein gene showed 92-99% identity with CDV isolates of other countries. Phylogenetic analysis of CDV was performed using MEGA 6.0 (Tamura et al., 2013) indicating that the Indian isolates shares a common ancestry with the isolates from Japan and Hungary (Fig. 2). This is the first report of the natural infection of CDV causing severe mosaic symptoms on Datura inoxia in India. The distribution and economic impact of this virus is still unknown and further studies on the characterisation as well as determination of host range of CDV in India is required.
The authors are thankful to Department of Biotechnology, GOI, India (BT/PR14902/BRB/10/889/2010), for financial support.
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To cite this report: Kumar Verma R, Mishra R, Gaur RK, 2014. First Report of Colombian datura virus in India. New Disease Reports 30, 29. [http://dx.doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2014.030.029]
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