Get pdf (552 KB)
First report of resistance breaking strain of Tomato spotted wilt virus (Tospovirus; Bunyaviridae) on resistant sweet pepper cultivars in Turkey
1 Department of Plant Health, Black Sea Agricultural Research Institute, P.O. Box 39, Samsun, Turkey
2 Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Ondokuz Mayis University, 55139 Samsun, Turkey
Received: 10 Oct 2014; Published: 24 Nov 2014
Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) is one of the most devastating viruses worldwide on Capsicum peppers (Capsicum annuum). The virus is very common on sweet pepper and tomato in Samsun province of Turkey. The use of Capsicum pepper cultivars possessing the Tsw resistance gene is the most efficient method to control the virus in pepper crops. In 2013, a greenhouse-grown sweet pepper variety known to be resistant to TSWV showed typical virus-like symptoms in Carsamba district of Samsun province, which is one of the most important Capsicum pepper growing areas of Turkey. Samples were collected and tested using virus-specific polyclonal antiserum by DAS-ELISA. All Capsicum pepper samples were positive for TSWV, but negative for Impatiens necrotic spot virus, Tomato chlorotic spot virus, Cucumber mosaic virus, Tobacco mosaic virus, Tomato mosaic virus, Pepper mild mottle virus, Potato virus Y and Alfalfa mosaic virus.
The virus was isolated and propagated on C. annuum plants and used in mechanical inoculation of TSWV-resistant C. chinense (Accession No. PI159236), 10 different commercial TSWV-resistant Capsicum pepper cultivars and susceptible control C. annuum cv. Yolo Wonder plants (10 replicates of each). Resistant plants showed no necrotic spots on inoculated leaves, but systemic symptoms appeared four to seven days after sap-inoculation on non-inoculated leaves. The plants of resistant pepper cultivars and PI159236 displayed systemic symptoms similar to those of susceptible sweet pepper cv. Yolo Wonder. Interestingly, the mean absorbance values at 405 nm of PI159236 plants and resistant cultivars were higher than those of susceptible control plants in DAS-ELISA. RT-PCR was conducted to amplify the complete nucleocapsid gene (N) of TSWV isolate (SC3-RB) using gene-specific primers (Maiss et al., 1991). A PCR product of 809 bp was sequenced and deposited in GenBank (Accession No. KM379141). Nucleotide comparison of the nucleocapsid gene of the isolate SC3-RB with homologue sequences of TSWV isolates in GenBank showed 99% and 97% identity with the other resistance breaking isolates from Capsicum pepper such as P170RB (DQ431238) in Italy and RB (AY598831) from Spain, respectively. Resistance-breaking strains of TSWV on Capsicum pepper have previously been reported in Louisiana state of the USA (Hobbs et al., 1994), Italy (Roggero et al., 2002), Spain (Margaria et al., 2004), Australia (Sharman & Persley, 2006) and Hungary (Gabor et al., 2012). The current study showed that the isolate SC3-RB was able to overcome the Tsw resistance gene on sweet pepper both in field and laboratory conditions. To our knowledge this is the first report of resistance breaking TSWV strain on sweet pepper in Turkey.
- Gabor B, Krizbai L, Horvath J, Takacs A, 2012. Resistance breaking strain of Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) on resistant pepper cultivars in Hungary. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Current Trends in Plant Protection, Belgrade, Serbia, 25-28th September, 239-241.
- Hobbs HA, Black LL, Johnson RR, Valverde RA, 1994. Differences in reactions among Tomato spotted wilt virus isolates to three resistant Capsicum chinense lines. Plant Disease 78, 1220. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PD-78-1220D]
- Maiss E, Ivanova L, Breyel E, Adam G, 1991. Cloning and sequencing of the S RNA from a Bulgarian isolate of Tomato spotted wilt virus. Journal of General Virology 72, 461-464. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/0022-1317-72-2-461]
- Margaria P, Ciuffo M, Turina M, 2004. Resistance breaking strain of Tomato spotted wilt virus (Tospovirus; Bunyaviridae) on resistant pepper cultivars in Almeria (Spain), Plant Pathology 53, 795. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2004.01082.x]
- Roggero P, Masenga V, Tavella L, 2002. Field isolates of Tomato spotted wilt virus overcoming resistance in pepper and their spread to other hosts in Italy. Plant Disease 86, 950-954. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.9.950]
- Sharman M, Persley DM, 2006. Field isolates of Tomato spotted wilt virus overcoming resistance in Capsicum in Australia. Australasian Plant Pathology 35, 123-128. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AP06014]
To cite this report: Deligoz I, Arli Sokmen M, Sari S, 2014. First report of resistance breaking strain of Tomato spotted wilt virus (Tospovirus; Bunyaviridae) on resistant sweet pepper cultivars in Turkey. New Disease Reports 30, 26. [http://dx.doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2014.030.026]
©2014 The Authors