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First report of Canna yellow mottle virus on Canna from India
Plant Molecular Virology Laboratory, CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI), Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow-226001, India
Received: 08 Jan 2014; Published: 23 Feb 2014
Canna (Canna indica) is a popular landscape plant known for its attractive foliage and flowers and is grown in tropical and subtropical countries including India. Various cultivars of canna are being maintained as germplasm at the Botanic Garden, NBRI, Lucknow. During a survey in September 2012, necrotic striping, severe veinal chlorosis, yellow mosaic and veinal streaking symptoms were observed on the leaves of different canna cultivars (Fig. 1a-d), with the disease incidence between 17 and 35% at NBRI. Subsequently, similar symptoms were found on canna in other gardens in Lucknow. Symptoms observed were similar to those described previously for canna yellow mottle disease and associated with Canna yellow mottle virus (CaYMV) (Pappu et al., 2008; Marino et al., 2008).
For virus detection, total genomic DNA was isolated from leaf samples of 13 plants with symptoms and one without, and subjected to PCR using CaYMV specific primers (CaYMV-3 and CaYMV-4; Momol et al., 2004). PCR resulted in an amplicon of the expected size (~550 bp) in all the 13 samples with symptoms, but not in the sample from the symptomless plant, indicating the presence of CaYMV in the diseased plants. Subsequently the 13 amplicons obtained from 10 different cultivars of Canna indica and C. flaccida were cloned, sequenced and deposited in GenBank (Table 1). These accessions, in BLASTn analysis, were shown to share 93-99% nucleotide sequence identity with the available CaYMV isolate sequences from around the world. Further, phylogenetic analysis of sequences under study by MEGA5.1 (Tamura et al., 2011) using a neighbour-joining method clearly clustered them together with CaYMV (Fig. 2). Based on sequence comparison and phylogenetic analysis, the virus isolates in this study were identified as CaYMV. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of natural occurrence of CaYMV on canna from India. CaYMV may be considered as posing a phytosanitary risk for further spread in canna since it is being propagated through suckers or rhizomes.
Authors are thankful to Director, CSIR-NBRI for facilities and University Grant Commission, New Delhi, India for fellowship to A. Kumari.
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To cite this report: Kumari A, Kumar S, Raj SK, 2014. First report of Canna yellow mottle virus on Canna from India. New Disease Reports 29, 9. [http://dx.doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2014.029.009]
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