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First report of Horsegram yellow mosaic virus infecting Phaseolus vulgaris in Sri Lanka
1 Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, York, YO41 1LZ, UK
2 Global Plant Clinic, CABI, Bakeham Lane, Egham, Surrey, TW20 9TY, UK
3 Horticultural Crop Research and Development Institute, Department of Agriculture; 25 Old Galaha Road, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
Received: 12 Feb 2010; Published: 09 May 2010
Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) is one of the most important vegetables in Sri Lanka. In 1999, a new bean disease was reported from the town of Balangoda, Sri Lanka. Symptoms included a bright yellow mosaic pattern on the leaves, rugosity, reduced leaf size and stunting of the entire plant. Depending upon the time of infection, plants either produced fewer flowers and pods or none at all. Since its discovery the disease has spread to most bean growing areas of the island. In 2009, six samples showing symptoms were collected from different districts of Sri Lanka for viral analysis. All were tested by ELISA for Tomato spotted wilt virus, Impatiens necrotic spot virus, Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Southern bean mosaic virus, and with broad-spectrum antisera for potyviruses and begomoviruses. One sample tested positive for potyviruses and another for CMV; all tested positive for begomoviruses.
DNA was extracted from three of the plants and subjected to rolling circle amplification using Phi 29 (G E Healthcare). Amplicons were cut with RsaI, cloned and sequenced using the Topo blunt vector II (Invitrogen). All samples gave portions of DNA-A and B of a bipartite begomovirus; a Blast search of the GenBank database revealed high sequence identity to Horsegram yellow mosaicvirus (HgYMV). The complete viral genome was obtained from one sample using specific PCR primers. Component A contained 2735 nucleotides and component B contained 2669 nucleotides (GenBank Accession Nos. GU323321/2). Component A shared between 95.1 and 96.6%, and component B between 93.5 and 96.3% sequence identity with the four available genomes in GenBank (alignments using Clustal V and MegAlign DNAStar). HgYMV has been identified in India where it was found to infect various legumes: bambara groundnut, French bean, groundnut, lima bean, mung bean, pigeon pea, soybean and horse gram (Muniyappa et al., 2008). All cultivated bean varieties are susceptible and the disease is regarded as the most serious threat to bean production in Sri Lanka. Using the current taxonomic nomenclature (Fauquet et al., 2008) we propose the name Horsegram yellow mosaic virus-[Sri Lanka:2009] HgYMV-[LK:09] for this variant of the virus. This is the first report of the virus in Sri Lanka.
Our thanks to the staff of HORDI for carrying out the initial research into the disease and for facilitating the GPC visit to Sri Lanka to collect samples
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To cite this report: Monger WA, Harju V, Nixon T, Bennett S, Reeder R, Kelly P, Ariyarathne HM, 2010. First report of Horsegram yellow mosaic virus infecting Phaseolus vulgaris in Sri Lanka. New Disease Reports 21, 16. [http://dx.doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2010.021.016]
©2010 The Authors