First report of Pestalotiopsis versicolor causing leaf-tip blight on Acacia in China
1 College of Agriculture, Guangxi University, Nanning 530005, Guangxi, China
2 Guangxi Gaofeng Tree Farm, Nanning 530001, Guangxi, China
3 College of Forestry, Guangxi University, Nanning 530005, Guangxi, China
Accepted: 19 Jun 2006
Acacia melanoxylon is one of more than ten species of Acacia used for timber production, that were introduced from Australia to southern China in the 1990s. In Guangxi, it is grown on over 160 hectares of land. In 2004, a leaf-tip blight was found there on 80-92% of trees, causing defoliation and stunting. This blight was angular, initiating at the leaf tip and extending to the middle of leaf. Diseased tissues became distorted and brown (Fig. 1). A fungus producing numerous acervuli with black, slimy spore masses was observed on diseased tissues and consistently isolated onto potato dextrose agar (PDA). Conidia were 5-celled, narrow fusiform, with a tapering base. Dimensions were 20-27 × 6.8-9.2 (mean 24.5 × 7.9) µm. The three intermediate cells of conidia were versicolorous, the two upper cells fuliginous, usually opaque and the lowest cell olivaceous-brown. Three apical appendages were hyaline, 16-28 µm long, with a short straight basal pedicel (Fig. 1). The fungus was identified as Pestalotiopsis versicolor, based on Steyaert (1949) and Guba (1961).
Two-year-old trees of A. melanoxylon were used for pathogenicity test. A conidial suspension of the fungus (1×106 conidia per ml) taken from a PDA culture was sprayed on 1-year-old leaves. Leaves on control trees were sprayed with the same volume of sterilised, distilled water and all inoculated leaves were covered with polyethylene bags during incubation to maintain high moisture. Disease symptoms were observed on inoculated leaves after 13-17 days. Control leaves remained symptomless. The same fungus was re-isolated from diseased leaves, confirming Koch's postulates.
Pestalotiopsis versicolor is a pathogen of many different plants (Steyaert, 1949; Guba,1961; Prakash & Singh, 1975; Thakur & Sastry, 1981). This is the first record of the fungus as a pathogen on A. melanoxylon in China.
- Guba EF, 1961. Monograph of Monochaetia and Pestalotia. Cambridge, USA: Harvard University Press.
- Prakash O, Singh SJ, 1975. Pestalotiopsis versicolor - a new leaf spot disease of banana. Indian Phytopathology 28, 265-266.
- Steyaert RL, 1949. Contribution a letude Monographique de Pestalotia de Not.et Monochaetia Sacc. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de létat Bruxelles 19, 285-354.
- Thakur RN, Sastry KSM, 1981. Leaf blight of Mucuna prurita. Indian Phytopathology 34, 394-395.
This report was formally published in Plant Pathology
©2006 The Authors