A natural infection of Hebe is associated with an isolate of Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris causing a yellowing and little leaf disease in the UK
1 Global Plant Clinic, Plant Pathogen Interactions Division, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts., AL5 2JQ, UK
2 CENSA, Apdo 10 San José de las Lajas, Havana, Cuba
Accepted: 18 Apr 2006
Hebe (Veronica scutellata) is a herbaceous perennial widely grown throughout the UK and elsewhere. In 2005 symptoms of yellowing and little leaf were observed on a bush, that was more than 20 years old, growing on the Rothamsted estate in Hertfordshire. The symptoms, which were prevalent on shoots produced by branches which had rooted from the main bush, had shortened internodes, little leaves and yellowing of the foliage (Fig. 1).
Samples of apparently healthy shoots and those affected by the little leaf symptoms were collected and the DNA extracted. This was used as a template for nested PCR analysis using primers P1/P7 and R16F2/R16R2 (Arocha et al., 2005). Bands of expected size (1.25kb) were produced in all samples with little leaf disease but none of the healthy ones. These amplicons were sequenced by The Sequencing Service, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Scotland (www.dnaseq.co.uk), using Applied Biosystems Big-Dye Ver 3.1 chemistry on an Applied Biosystems model 3730 automated capillary DNA sequencer. The sequences were aligned, subject to BLAST analysis and deposited in GenBank (Accession number DQ387053). The highest similarity (99.7%) was with the barley deformation phytoplasma (AY734453) from Lithuania; an isolate of Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (aster yellows) (IRPCM Phytoplasma/Spiroplasma Working Team - Phytoplasma taxonomy group, 2004). We believe this is both the first record of a phytoplasma infecting hebe and the first definitive record of Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris in the UK.
- Arocha Y, López M, Fernández M, Piñol B, Horta D, Peralta EL, Almeida R, Carvajal O, Picornell S, Wilson MR, Jones P, 2005.Transmission of a sugarcane yellow leaf phytoplasma by the delphacid planthopper Saccharosydne saccharivora, a new vector of sugarcane yellow leaf syndrome. Plant Pathology 54, 634-42
- IRPCM Phytoplasma/Spiroplasma Working Team - Phytoplasma Taxonomy Group, 2004. â€˜Candidatus Phytoplasma', a taxon for the wall-less, non-helical prokaryotes that colonise plant phloem and insects. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 54, 1243-1255.
This report was formally published in Plant Pathology
©2006 The Authors