First report of Parietaria mottle virus in Mirabilis jalapa
Dipartimento di Protezione delle Piante e Microbiologia Applicata, UniversitÃ degli Studi and Centro di Studio del CNR sui Virus e le Virosi delle Colture Mediterranee, Via G. Amendola 165/a, I-70126 Bari, Italy
Accepted: 22 Jan 2002
Plants of Mirabilis jalapa (family Nyctaginaceae) with violet and yellow flowers, growing in a private garden in southern Italy, were found to host Parietaria mottle virus (PMoV) (genus Ilarvirus). Infected plants showed mild mosaic, leaf malformations of the upper leaves and necrotic lines pattern in some of the basal leaves (Fig. 1 and 2). Preliminary electron microscope observations showed the presence of spherical virus particles in the sap from infected plants. No other virus-like particles were observed.
This virus was readily sap transmitted to Chenopodium quinoa and C. amaranticolor, in which it induced symptoms resembling those elicited by PMoV (Ramasso et al., 1997). The isolated virus was subsequently identified as PMoV by Antibody Coated Plate-ELISA (ACP-ELISA), with an antiserum raised to the tomato isolate TI-1 of PMoV (kindly supplied by P. Roggero, Istituto di Fitovirologia Applicata, CNR, Turin, Italy), as well as by dot-blot hybridization with a specific riboprobe to PMoV (Fig. 3) (Parrella et al., 2000). Back transmission to healthy Mirabilis seedlings, with leaf extracts from systemically infected Chenopodium or Mirabilis plants, reproduced the symptoms originally observed (Fig. 2) and confirming that PMoV was the causal agent of the disease observed in Mirabilis. Plants of Parietaria officinalis growing nearby infected Mirabilis plants were also found to harbour PMoV.
PMoV was first isolated from P. officinalis in north-west Italy (Caciagli et al., 1989) and in the last few years this virus has been isolated in Italy, France and Greece from tomato crops (Ramasso et al., 1997; Roggero et al., 2000). This report represents the first record of PMoV in Mirabilis jalapa and provides further confirmation of the spread of this virus into plant species other than P. officinalis.
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This report was formally published in Plant Pathology
©2002 The Authors